Angular services

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Angular services are classes that store logic not strictly related to the view. This logic can be shared between the various components.

Create a service

To create a new service in Angular, we just create a new class and decorate it with the @Injectable decorator.

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

@Injectable()
export class ProductsService {}

The @Injectable decorator marks a class as available to be provided and injected as a dependency.

Before we inject a service we have to add it to the providers' array. 

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { ProductsService } from './products.service';

@NgModule({
  
providers: [
    ProductsService  
  ]
})
export class AppModule {}

providers property is used to register a list of dependency-injection providers.

By default, if Angular cannot find a dependency it throws an error. 

Service's dependencies

The services may depend on other services, both those provided by Angular and custom:

import { Injectable } from "@angular/core";
import { HttpClient } from "@angular/common/http";
import { Logger } from "./logger.service";

@Injectable({
    providedIn: 'root'
})
export class UserService {
    constructor(
        private httpClient: HttpClient,
        private logger: Logger
    ) {
    }
}

Component's providers

You can register providers in modules or in components. No matter if we want to register a service in the module or in the component, in both cases we add it to the providers array.

When you add providers to the root module, the same instance of a service is available to all components in the app. Angular registers these providers with the NgModule injector.

@NgModule({
  providers: [
    ProductsService
  ]
})
export class AppModule { }

When you register a provider at the component level, you get a new instance of the service with each new instance of that component.

@Component({
  selector: "main",
  templateUrl: "./main.html",
  providers: [
    ProductsService
  ]
})
export class MainComponent { }

That service is available via the ElementInjector at that component instance. It may also be visible at child component/directives.